Date:Volume 5, 2023
Type:Research articles, advocacy, conference, theme papers on TVET
Countries:China, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore


The Scholarly Technical Education Publication Series (STEPS) has successfully organized its fifth volume in conjunction with the implementation of the first International Conference on TVET and Sustainable Development (ICTSDe) on October 2, 2023. This event, which was co-organized by the Malaysian Technical Doctorate Association (MTDA) convened scholars from all over the region to present their research works. Thirteen (13) papers were then selected and included in this journal edition including a paper authored by the Colombo Plan Staff College.


  1. Trends, Challenges, and Innovations of APACC-Accredited TVET Institutions in Asia Pacific Based on the Established APACC Criteria
    Kesavan Ulaganathen, Mian Khuram Ahsan, Paulo Anthony Mendoza, & G.L.D. Wickramasinghe
  2. Facilitating Social Learning in Engineering Education at i-CATS University College: A Case Study
    Woan Wen Tan, Siti Syafinah Ahmad Hassan, & Fabian Halley Pata Alban Dattu
  3. The Level of Knowledge, Awareness, and Sustainable Practices Among Merlimau Melaka Polytechnic Campus Residents
    Suryani Mat Daud, Siti Paridah Juhari, & Norakmar Jamal
  4. Lecturers’ Perceptions and Expectations Towards Learning Skills and Innovations of 4C’s of 21st Century Skills
    Amutha A/P Gopal Villoo @ Venugopal
  5. Exploring Latent Topics in TVET using LDA Topic Modeling
    Nur Hafazah Sharin & Mira Kartiwi
  6. Classroom Indoor Air Quality Monitoring at Politeknik Bagan Datuk
    Saw Chun Lin, Choong Chee Guan, & Aravinthan A/L Yelumalai
  7. Architecture Students’ Perspective on the Cost Effectiveness and Sustainability of Industrial Building System for Low-Cost Housing
    Nurul Faizatul Hanim Binti Othman, Aidalia Binti Endul, & Nurul Fadzleen Binti Mohamad
  8. Universal Model to Predict Compressive Behavior of Confined Tin Slag Polymer Concrete Column
    Muhamad Soffi Manda, Mohd Ruzaimi Mat Rejab, Shukur Abu Hassan, & Mat Uzir Wahit
  9. How Does Rural Restructuring Impact Rural Development and Construction in Mountainous Areas? A Case Study of Three Typical Villages in Western Sichuan Province, China
    Fan Ding, Nor Zarifah Binti Maliki, & Siwei Yu
  10. Optimization Study on Adsorption of Methylene Blue from Coating Industry Wastewater by Sugarcane Bagasse Biochar
    Noorul Jannah Binti Zainuddin, Muhammad Izwan Bin Norman, Chamarnaa a/p S. Kumaravelu, Dharshii a/p Jayaraman, & Nurfarahin Syuhaida Binti Olim Mohammad
  11. Performance Study and Optimization of Energy Efficiency in a Mosque: Opportunities for Conservation and Cost Reduction
    Syahrunizam, Nor Azura, & Fauzi
  12. Tourism Entrepreneurship and English Language Oral Proficiency: Exploring its Importance among B40 Communities
    Ku Nor Syakina Ku Sulong, Faizahani Ab Rahman, Masturah Sabri, & Vincent Wong
  13. Walking in a Tropical Climate? A Review of Issues and Challenges
    Zanariah Kasim, Zarith Sofia Abu Zahri, & Siti Nor Zuraini Abdullah @ Razali