Paro Taktsang (Dzongkha: སྤ་གྲོ་སྟག་ཚང་, also known as the Taktsang Palphug Monastery and the Tiger's Nest)

Partner Ministry/Organization Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Labor and Human Resource (MoLHR)
Recent Programs Held
2019: (1) The Role of Accreditation in Achieving Quality-Assured TVET Programs (Apr 1-5)

2018: (1) Consultative meetings of officials from the Department of Technical Education (DTE), Ministry of Labour and Human Resources (MoLHR) Kingdom of Bhutan (Dec 15-28); (2) Consultative meetings of officials from the Ministry of Labor and Human Resources (MoLHR) and the National Environmental Commission (NEC) (Apr 25-29)

2017: In-Country Program on National Diploma Curriculum Development and Training of Trainers in Pedagogy (Jun 5-17)

2016: In-Country Program on TVET Pathways to Sustainable Development (Oct 17-21)

2015: In-Country Program and National Seminar on Entrepreneurship Education (Oct 5-9)

2014: In-Country Program on Image-Building of TVET (Oct 7-11)

2013: In-Country Program on Developing Generic Skills for Employment Mobility (Oct 7-11)

2011: Special In-Country Program on Developing Champion Leaders for Skills Development for Poverty Alleviation (Aug 22-25)

2011: In-Country Program on Total Quality Management for TVET (Apr 5-9)
Ambassador N/A
Address of Embassy/Consulate in Manila N/A

Bhutan Flag

Official Name Kingdom of Bhutan
Land Area 38,394 km2 (14,824 sq mi) (136th)
Population 742,737 (165th)
Capital Thimphu (est. pop.) 62,500
Largest Cities Phuntsholing (est. pop. 60,400)
Samdrup Jongkhar (est. pop. 30,800)
Punakha (est. pop. 21,500)
Country Borders China (north,eest), India (south, west)
Religion(s) Buddhism
Major Languages Dzongkha
Demonym Bhutanese
National Holidays 17 December 1919 (coronation of Ugyen Wangchuck as the first Druk Gyalpo of modern Bhutan)
Education Basic Facts
No. of Years of Primary Education 12
Major Universities University of Bhutan
Primary School Enrollment (Total) 171, 817 (2016)
Tertiary School Enrollment (Total) 15, 174 (2016)
Ministry/ Ministries Supervising Education Ministry of Education Department of Adult and Higher Education
Education as % of GDP 18.4% (2014)
Agency Handling TVET Ministry of Labour and Human Resources (MoLHR)
Formal TVET System (Source: UNESCO-UNEVOC) Formal TVET system

TVET is offered at the secondary education level. At the middle secondary education level, students are able to take pre-vocational subjects provided according to local needs and the availability of equipment, local traditions, indigenous knowledge and skills. Students are required to pass an examination to attend general upper secondary or vocational and technical education. The duration of TVET programs varies from six months to two years and the subjects are linked to the needs of the Bhutanese labor market and economy. Specifically elective courses focus on providing skills for the development of the following key industries:

  1. Infrastructure: hydrogenation, power transmission and distribution, construction;
  2. Services: tourism, healthcare, education, information technology (IT), financial services;
  3. Manufacturing: cement, herbal products; and
  4. Royal Civil Service Commission (government).

In addition to TVET programs offered at the upper secondary education level, the Institute of Zorigchusum Thimphu and Institute of Zorigchusum Tashiyangste vocational training institutes also offer long TVET programs lasting up to six years, in wood carving, painting and tailoring.

TVET at the tertiary level is offered through institutions accredited to the Royal University of Bhutan and providers registered with the Department of Occupational Standards. TVET programs can be part-time or full-time and are conducted in a number of colleges and vocational institutes. Most TVET programs last four years and focus on engineering, technology, business administration, and education. Medicine programs last five years.

Non-formal and informal TVET systems

Non-formal, or alternative modes of TVET in Bhutan includes the following:

Apprentice training programs are provided through a contract between an apprentice and an employer. Training periods normally last six to nine months, and in some cases one year, and aim to provide students with appropriate skills and competencies for the world of work. The apprentice training program covers all sectors, but mostly concentrates on the service and hospitality sector;

Special skills development programs are geared towards the training of armed forces and special needs groups in vocational skills. Some examples of organizations providing such programs are the Dratshang Lhentshog, the Royal Bhutan Police, Draktsho, RENEW and the Royal Bhutan Army;

Village skills development programs provide skills training for villagers and aim to enhance the quality of life in the rural community, enhance community participation, and promote lifelong learning and sustainable development in the rural community. Instructors, tools and training materials are sent to villages and the training is conducted in the villages and communities themselves; and

Skills training programs aim to address the immediate human resource requirements in the labor market through skills training. Some of the skills training program initiatives include the Youth Employment Skills, Graduate Skills Program, and the Skills for Employment and Entrepreneur Development Programs.

Currently there is no information on informal TVET in the Kingdom of Bhutan.

Offers NVQS Yes
Type of NVQS

Bhutan Vocational Qualifications Framework (BQF) serves as a point of reference for all qualifications and contains information on qualifications for various local and international stakeholders.

  1. Establish and maintain ANQF for the development, recognition and award of qualifications, based on knowledge, skills and competence acquired by learners;
  2. Establish and promote the maintenance and improvement of the standards of further education and training awards in Higher education, TVET, general education, Islamic education and Basic education; and
  3. Promote and facilitate access, transfer and progression within the national education system.
Levels of NVQS

Competency Standards

TVET Financing Formal TVET programmes offered by middle and upper secondary education level vocational education and technical training institutes are funded by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources. Other actors involved in financing non-formal TVET programmes include the private sector through PPP and Employee Education and Training Funds (EEFE), and other national governments.
TVET System


  1. UNESCO-UNEVOC (2014). Bhutan. Retrieved on
  2. Ministry of Education Bhutan (2019). About Us. Retrieved on:
  3. Ministry of Labor and Human Resources Bhutan (2019). About Us. Retrieved on:

bhutanese money

GDP $2.085 billion (2014, 165th)
GDP Per Capita $2,590 (2015)
Currency Bhutanese Ngultrum (BTN) = 100 chhertum
Major Exports electricity (to India), cardamom, gypsum, timber, handicrafts, cement, fruit, precious stones, spices
Major Imports fuel and lubricants, grain, aircraft, machinery and parts, vehicles, fabrics, rice
Major Industries cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism
Major Export Partners India 83.8%, Hong Kong 10.8%
Major Import Partners India 72.3%, South Korea 6%
Foreign Exchange Reserves $1,103 million (2015)
Ease of Doing Business Rank 176 (out of 190)
Inflation 9.6%
Population below Poverty Line 12%
Gini Coefficient 38.7 (2012)
Competitiveness Rank 97th (out of 138)
Ease of Doing Business Rank 73rd (out of 190)
Employment Rate 97.1% (2013, est.)
Unemployment Rate 2.9% (2013, est.)

afghanistan-president-ashraf-ghaniKing Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck / (Paula Bronstein/Getty Images)

Type of Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of State King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Head of Government Tshering Tobgay
Legislating Body/Bodies Parliament of Bhutan (Gyelyong Tsokhang)
Upper House: National Council
Lower House: National Assembly

bhutaneseBOISVIEUX Christophe via Getty Images

Time zone UTC +6:00
Human Development Index 0.605 (medium, 132nd out of 180)
Literacy Rate 64.9 % (Males: 73.1%; females: 55.0%)
% of people with internet access 39.80% (306,680)
Life Expectancy 71.01 years (Males: 69.85, Females: 72.26)
Drives on the Left
Calling code +975
ISO 3166 code BT
Internet TLD .bt