Member Since 1973

Partner Ministry/Organization
Ministry of Science and Technology

Address of Embassy in Manila
Embassy of the Republic of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in Manila
8th Floor, Gervasia Corporate Centre,
152 Amorsolo Street, Legaspi Village, Makati City, Metro Manila

Participation in Regional Programs (2018-2023)
  • Regional Program on Navigating the Future of TVET: Addressing Challenges and Fostering Positive Change, December 4-6, 2023, Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines, in collaboration with Toyota Motor Philippines Foundation, Inc. (TMPF); Toyota Motor Philippines School of Technology (TMP Tech)
  • Regional Program on Empowering TVET Sector through Digitalization and Climate Resilient Skills for Sustainable Development, October 16-20, 2023, Manila, Philippines, in collaboration with Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • Regional Program on Revolutionalize TVET: Innovation in Transformational Pedagogy, Competency Building and International Collaboration, October 2-5, 2023, Johor, Malaysia, in collaboration with Universiti Tun Hussein Onn (UTHM); and Malaysia Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training (MyRIVET)
  • Regional Program on Role of Business Incubators in Encapsulating Sustainable Development: A TVET Perspective, September 4-8, 2023, Chandigarh, India, in collaboration with National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR)-Chandigarh
  • Regional Program on Leadership for Sustainable TVET and Senior Executive Conference for CPSC Strategic Plan 2023-2028, December 12-16, 2022, Bangkok, Thailand, in collaboration with Office of Vocational Education Commission (OVEC)
  • Regional Program on TVET Strategic Planning and Experts' Meeting for the CPSC Strategic Plan 2023-2028, November 7-11, 2022, Shah Alam, Malaysia, in collaboration with Department of Polytechnic and Community Colleges (DPCCE)
  • Regional Program on Industry-Institute Partnership for Relevant TVET Program, June 21-25, 2021, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Integrating IR 4.0 Competency and 21st Century Skills in TVET,
    May 17-21, 2021, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Developing Context Based Vocational Pedagogy, April 26-30, 2021, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Innovation in TVET Management, March 22-26, 2021, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Innovation in Curriculum Development Integrating ICT and Digital Skills,
    February 15-19, 2021, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Innovating TVET by Developing Digital Contents Using ICT Tools,
    February 1-5, 2021, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Greening TVET for Sustainable Development, December 14-18, 2020, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Strategic Plan Development to Ensure Quality Management System,
    November 23-27, 2020, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Effective Methods of TVET Curriculum Development to Integrate 21st Century Skills, September 21-25, 2020, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Equipping Digital Competencies in TVET to Address IR 4.0, August 24-28, 2020, Online RP
  • Regional Program on Strengthening TVET Quality and Relevance through Institute-Industry Linkages,
    March 2-6, 2020, Pokhara, Nepal, in collaboration with Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT)-Nepal
  • Regional Program on Equipping Future Workforce with 21st Century and Technopreneurship Skills through Quality TVET Programs, February 2-6, 2020, Dhaka, Bangladesh, in collaboration with Institution of Diploma Engineers (IDEB)-Bangladesh
  • Regional Program on Quality Assurance in TVET and APACC Strategic Planning, October 21-25, 2019,
    Manila, Philippines
  • Regional Program on Skilling TVET in the Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0, August 25-29, 2019,
    Manila, Philippines
  • Regional Program on Sustainable (Green) Skills and Employability through TVET, April 22-26, 2019,
    Manila, Philippines
  • Regional Program on Entrepreneurship in TVET and International Conference on Skilling for Self-Employment, February 18-22, 2019, Chandigarh, India, in collaboration with National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR)-Chandigarh
  • Regional Program on Quality and Sustainable TVET and International Conference on Skills in TVET for Sustainability, October 8-10, 2018, Chennai, India, in collaboration with National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research (NITTTR)-Chennai
  • Regional Program on TVET for Socio-Economic Transformation and International Conference on Innovations in TVET for Socio-Economic Development, October 1-3, 2018, Kathmandu, Nepal, in collaboration with the Diploma Engineers Association (DEAN)-Nepal; and Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT)

Recent Programs Held (2018-2024)
  • Training of Trainers on Renewable Energy System using Virtual TVET (February 5-8)

  • Training of Trainers on Automotive Technology Using Virtual TVET (January 16-19)
  • In-Country Program for Myanmar on Research Methodology for TVET Leaders and Teachers (June 19-23)

  • In-Country Program on Developing Modern TVET Curriculum (May 30-June 3)
  • Training of Trainers on Air Conditioning and Refrigeration (HVAC) Using Virtual TVET (June 27-30)

  • In-Country Program on Enhancing TVET Institution and Industry Partnerships for Quality TVET (July 24-28)

  • In-Country Program on Application of Blue Ocean Strategy for TVET Institute Management (November 18-22)

Country Flag

Official Name
Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Land Area
676,578 km²

Country Borders
China (North)
Thailand (East, Southeast)
India, Bangladesh (West)
Laos (East)

Nay Pyi Taw



Hiri Motu
Tok Pisin
Papua New Guinean Sign Language


National Holiday
4 January 1948 (Independence from the United Kingdom)

Photo courtesy of Paul Vrieze/VOA

No. of Years - Primary Education
5 years

No. of Years - Middle School
4 years

No. of Years - Secondary Education
2 years

No. of Years - Tertiary Education
4 to 5 years

Ministry of Supervising Education
Ministry of Education, Myanmar

Agency Handling TVET
Department of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (DTVET), Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST)

Formal TVET System
The formal TVET system follows the structure, comprising the levels of the Secondary Vocational Education, Engineering Courses and High-Level Engineering Courses. Below is the detailed composition of the country’s TVET system.


Qualification Framework
The Myanmar National Qualifications Framework (MNQF) started developing at the end of 2013, having twelve ministries prepare its initial draft by July 2014. The draft was revised based on suggestions from local scholars, a critical study done by international experts, and feedback from a national-level stakeholders’ consultation on the MNQF. By the end of 2015, the final draft was introduced and a National Accreditation and Quality Assurance Committee (NAQAC) was established. Likewise, the MNQF is composed of eight levels that includes basic education, TVET, and higher education.

Level of MNNQS
Listed below are the ones relevant to TVET:
  1. Certificate 1 - Semi-skilled worker
  2. Certificate 2 - Skilled worker
  3. Certificate 3 - Advanced skilled worker
  4. Certificate 4 - Supervisor


TVET Financing
TVET institutions receive resources from their corresponding ministries, which the expenditures for TVET institutions under the DTVET are primarily used for the teachers’ salaries. In 2014, it was suggested that the budget for TVET should be increased to be able to improve its quality of education and the high dropout rate rate. Moreover, there is still limited donor assistance in the TVET sector, having Asian Development Bank (ADB), Germany and Switzerland as major donors of the country.

Dried Legumes, Export of Myanmar
Photo courtesy of Adam Cohn/Flickr

2.6% (2023)
Source: International Monetary Fund

Myanmar Kyat (MMK)

Major Exports
Petroleum Gas ($3.19B)
Dried Legumes ($1.27B)
Precious Stones ($1.16B)
Non-Knit Women's Coats ($904M)
Rare-Earth Metal Compounds ($803M)

Major Imports
Refined Petroleum ($2.88B)
Palm Oil ($901M)
Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($578M)
Synthetic Filament Yarn Woven Fabric ($556M)
Packaged Medicaments ($525M)

Major Export Partners
China ($6.86B)
Thailand ($2.82B)
Germany ($1.17B)
Japan ($1.1B)
United States ($1.01B)

Major Import Partners
China ($9.47B)
Thailand ($4.34B)
Singapore ($2.89B)
Indonesia ($1.2B)
India ($769M)

H.E. Myint Swe
Photo courtesy of Deccan Herald

Type of Government
Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

Head of State
His Excellency Myint Swe
President of Myanmar

Head of Government
Min Aung Hlaing
Prime Minister

Branches of Government
The Executive (the President and Parliament)
The Judicial (Chief Justice and Judges)
The Legislative (Members of the house of nationalities)

National Repentance Day
Photo courtesy of The National

Literacy Rate
89.07% (2019)

Country Code

ISO Code

Internet TLD

Other Important Holidays
Karen New Year (January 11)
Union Day (February 12)
Armed Forces Day (March 27)
Thingyan Holidays (April 13-21)
Martyrs’ Day (July 19)
Thadingyut Holidays (October 16-18)