Afghanistan

Band-e Amir National Park

Partner Ministry/Organization National Skills Development Program, Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled (MoLSAMD)
Recent Programs Held
2013: (1) Special In-Country Program on Champion Leaders Development Program for TVET Skills for Poverty Alleviation (Sep 28 - Oct 2); (2) Training Program on Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) for SCA-MoLSAMD, Government of Afghanistan (Aug)

2012: In-country Program on Academia - Industry Linkage in TVET Program in Afghanistan (Jul 2-6)
Address of Embassy/Consulate in Manila N/A

Afghanistan Flag

Official Name
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Land Area
652,864 km2 (252,072 sq mi) (41st)
Population
33,332,025 (40th)
Largest Cities
Kandahar (est. pop. 491,500)
Herat (est. pop. 436,300)
Mazar-i-Sharif (est. pop. 368,100)
Kunduz (est. pop. 304,600)
Country Borders
Pakistan (South and East)
Iran (West)
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan (North)
China (Far Northeast)
Major Languages
Pashto, Dari
Ethnic Groups
Pashtun, Tajiks, Hazara, Uzbeks, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch
Demonym
Afghans
National Holidays
19 August 1919 (Independence Day from the British)
Education Basic Facts
No. of Years of Primary Education 12
Major Universities University of Kabul
Primary School Enrollment (Total) 10.5 Million (2014 estimate)
Tertiary School Enrollment (Total) No data
Ministry/ Ministries Supervising Education Ministry of Education/ Ministry of Higher Education
Education as % of GDP 4.7% (World Bank, 2012)
TVET
Agency Handling TVET Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled (MOLSAMD)
Formal TVET System (Source: UNESCO-UNEVOC)

According to a report on TVET issued by the Committee on Education and Skills Policy- CESP (2010) the provision of TVET is assured by the following establishments:

NGOs (comprising 30 000 students and assuring the provision of basic vocational skills);

Private sector (comprising 150 000 students and assuring the provision of vocational skills mainly in computer literacy, English, management and accounting); and

Public sector: the provision of TVET is assured by the following ministries: (1) The Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled (MOLSAMD) oversees 20 training centres providing short-term courses for public sector employees; and (2) the Ministry of Education (MoE) coordinates and administers 140 public TVET High Schools and 70 public TVET Institutes while 40 private TVET Institutes are licensed and 120 others are in the process of being licensed. All of these institutions provide 2-year (Grade 13-14 = Associate Level Diploma), 3-Year (Grade 10-12 = Professional or Technical Baccalaureate) and 5-Year (Grade 10-14 = Professional or Technical Baccalaureate + Associate Level Diploma)

  • TVET Education comprises:
  • Agriculture, Livestock and Veterinary
  • Technical and Vocational
  • Business Education
  • Construction and Engineering
  • Fine and Arts
  • Special and Inclusive Education Sectors
Offers NVQS Yes
Type of NVQS

The Afghan National Qualification Authority (ANQA) is a body responsible for the governance and management of the ANQF. It is an independent authority that is however accountable to the government.

The main objectives of ANQA are to:

  1. Establish and maintain ANQF for the development, recognition and award of qualifications, based on knowledge, skills and competence acquired by learners;
  2. Establish and promote the maintenance and improvement of the standards of further education and training awards in Higher education, TVET, general education, Islamic education and Basic education; and
  3. Promote and facilitate access, transfer and progression within the national education system.
Levels of NVQS

8 qualification levels based on learning outcomes have been developed:

  • Level 1: Basic level
  • Level 2: Literacy and Basic Vocational Training Certificate
  • Level 3: Intermediate Education certificate/ Grade 9
  • Level 4: Advanced Certificate, High School/Grade 12
  • Level 5: Tertiary Education Grade 14 Diploma
  • Level 6: Higher Education Bachelor Degree
  • Level 7: Higher Education Master Degree
  • Level 8: Higher Education Ph.D. Degree
TVET Financing Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), the World Bank and other bilateral donor agencies.
TVET System

afghanistan_figure1

Sources:

  1. UNESCO-UNEVOC (2012). Afghanistan. Accessed on April 6, 2017 at http://www.unevoc.unesco.org/go.php?q=World+TVET+Database&lang=en&ct=AFG
  2. Webpage of the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs and the Disabled. Accessed on April 6, 2017 at http://molsamd.gov.af/en
GDP $19.654 billion (2016 est.)
GDP Per Capita $600 (2016 est.)
Currency Afghan Afghani (AFN) = 100 pul
Major Exports opium, fruits and nuts, Afghan rugs, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, and gemstone
Major Imports machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles and petroleum products
Major Industries small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, apparel, food-products, non-alcoholic beverages, mineral water, cement; hand-woven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Major Export Partners India (42.2%), Pakistan (28.9%), Tajikistan 7.6%
Major Import Partners Pakistan (38.6%), India (8.9%), United States (8.3%), Turkmenistan (6.2%), China (6%), Kazakhstan (5.9%) Azerbaijan (4.9%)
Foreign Exchange Reserves $6,232 Million (2015 est.)
Ease of Doing Business Rank 187 (out of 190)
Inflation 4.7%
Population below Poverty Line 35%
Competitiveness Rank N/A
Employment Rate 98.8% (2008)
Unemployment Rate 1.2% (2008)

afghanistan-president-ashraf-ghaniAshraf Ghani

Type of Government Unitary presidential Islamic republic
Head of State Ashraf Ghani (President)
Head of Government Abdullah Abdullah (Chief Executive Officer)
Legislating Body/Bodies National Assembly • Upper house: House of Elders • Lower house: House of the People

afghans

Time zone UTC +4:30
Human Development Index 0.465 (low, 171st out of 180)
Literacy Rate 28.1% (Males: 43.1%; females: 12.1%)
% of people with internet access 10% (approx. 2.6 Million)
Life Expectancy Male: 58.20 years; Female: 57.30 years
Doctors per capita 11 physicians and 18 nurses per 100,000 population
Drives on the Right
Calling code +93
ISO 3166 code AF
Internet TLD .af