Effective TVET Curriculum Development Ensuring 21st Century Skills

DATE 21-25 Sep 2020
PROGRAM CODE 20-21/OLRP03 (Online Regional Program)
PARTICIPANTS' PROFILE: The participants of the program are composed of TVET curriculum developers, course designers, and Trainers of CPSC member countries.


TVET institutions in the Asia and pacific carry out teaching based on curriculum framework, which is a document that explains how content standards should be organized and sequenced for a particular subject and at various grade levels. A curriculum framework document is like a standards statement in that it does not usually provide a lot of detailed suggestions for daily teaching. It differs from a standards statement, though, in that it analyzes each general standard in a curriculum into more specific skills that students need to learn, often a dozen or more per standard. It also suggests ways for assessing whether students have in fact acquired each skill listed in the document.

Curriculum development is defined as a step-by-step process used to produce a document in which skills, knowledge, and attitude required by the students to master for a specific occupational areas are explained in details. It encompasses the process of selecting, organizing, executing, and evaluating learning experiences on the basis of the needs, abilities and interests of the learners and the nature of the society or community.

21st century skills comprise skills, abilities, and learning dispositions that have been identified as being required for success in 21st century society and workplaces by educators, business leaders, academics, and governmental agencies. This is part of a growing international movement focusing on the skills required for students to master in preparation for success in a rapidly changing, digital society. Many of these skills are also associated with deeper learning, which is based on mastering skills such as analytic reasoning, complex problem solving, and teamwork. Its effects on the workplace, and thus on the demands on the educational system preparing students for the workforce, have been significant in several ways.

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) must properly prepare their students to live and work in the 21st Century. This preparation includes providing students with important skills needed in 21st Century. Thus, this is very important to make the 21st century skills integral part of TVET curricula. TVET must put great efforts to improve the skills of the 21st century to produce graduates of quality TVET program aiming for high employability. The effect of the change of program that often occurs have an impact on students and teachers because of the quality of the produced graduates who cannot meet the current needs of the job market. TVET graduates quality and innovation ecosystems can be achieved through increased technological innovation skills among TVET graduates.


At the end of the program, the participants will be able to:

  • Understand concept of 21st century skills
  • Internalize curriculum development processes, methods, elements, and types
  • Develop curriculum framework incorporating 21st Century Skills
  • Be familiar with ICT & digital technology to develop curricula

Expected Outputs and Outcomes

The expected outputs of the program are:

  • Template of Curriculum structure and Framework
  • Action plan to integrate 21st century skills

The expected outcome:

  • 21st Century Skills will be integrated in the revised and newly developed TVET Curricula.

Main Contents

The delivery of the program design follows a spiral learning approach, begins with an overview of core concepts to be followed by progressively deeper application of the concepts and finally, a self-directed learning approach through action planning.

The main contents of the program are:

  • Special Lecture: Ensuring 21st Century Skills for the Global Competitiveness and Innovation in the TVET
  • Theme Paper 1: Concept of Curriculum and development process
  • Theme Paper 2: Effective Methods of Curriculum Development
  • Theme Paper 3. ICT & Digital Technology in Course Development Processes
  • Theme Paper 4: Curriculum Design and Framework incorporating 21st Century Skills

Project Works:

  • Project work 1: Develop a curriculum structure (format) to be adopted by TVET institutions
  • Project work 2: Examine different methods of curriculum development to be selected for the TVET program
  • Project work 3: Use ICT to develop TVET courses
  • Project work 4: Develop a curriculum framework integrating 21st century skills
  • Project work 5: Develop action plan to integrate 21st century skills

Instructional Strategies

To facilitate productive and interactive learning, the following instructional strategies will be utilized to effectively train the participants:

  • Project, assignments and exercises
  • Online Learning and offline learning
  • Use OnCOURSE learning management system
  • Demonstration and hands-on practice
  • Questions and answers
  • Brainteasers and puzzles

Facilities Required

  • Minimum 5Mbps Broadband Internet
  • Desktop/ Laptop Computer with Webcam, Microphone, Speakers or Earphones
  • Chrome Browser or any HTML5 Compliant Browser